pharmacology

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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

pharmacology

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الثلاثاء إبريل 23, 2013 3:49 pm

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مشاركات: 11062
اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: pharmacology

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الثلاثاء أغسطس 26, 2014 10:43 am

تجميعة اسئله امتحانات الفارما
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cardiovascular sys

1- amiodarone ( action - mechanism of action - toxicity - preparations 5/2001
2- digitalis ( toxicity & treatment 9/2001
3- nitrates ( action - use - side effect 9/2001 5/2003
4- nitrates & nitrites ( action - uses - toxicity 5/2002
5- Quinidine ( acion - use - toxicity - contraindicaions 9/2002
6- antihyper tensive drugs ( classification - mechanism of action 9/2003
7- digitalis ( mech of action 5/2003
8- angiotensin converting enz inhibitor 9 captobril 5/2006



Chemotherapy

1- Typhid fever tretment ( mech of action - precautions - side eff of each 5/ 001
2- Sulphonamide ( classification uses toxicity 9/2001 9/2002 with kinetic of it
3- chloropromazine ( actions - adverse effects ) 5/2001
4- pencillines ( classification & side effsects 5/2002
5- treatment of T.B ( toxicity of them & any drug interaction 9/2003
6- Rifampicine ( mode of action - spectrum - uses & side effects 5/2003
7- metronidazole ( flagyl) action - mode of action - toxicity
8- Praziquental ( action - side effect - contraindications 5/2004
9- Rifampicine & Metronidazole 5/2005
10- Cephalosporins ( Classif - mech - uses - toxicity 5/2006



EndoCrine

1-sulphonylureas ( actions - side effects - uses 5/2001
2- corticosteroids ( action - uses - side effects 9/2001
3- glucocortcoid drugs ( adverse effects - containdications 5/2002
4- oral contraceptives ( adverse effect - interaction 5/2002 9/2003 with contraindications 5/2004
5- hydrocortisone ( cortsol ) uses - side effects 5/2003



Respiratory

1-Sodium chromoglycate 2001
2- antitussive drugs 2001
3- status ashmaticus ttt 2001
4- ketotifen 2001
5- bronchodilators 2002/2003
6- expectorants 2002/2003



General
% Midyear * May exam # September exam

1995
# (Teratogenicity (short account) & Tolerance (short account
1996
% Give the definition of: Zero order kinetics & Tachyphylaxis
Idiosyncrasy & Enzyme induction
1997
% (Routes of administration and elimination of drugs (account
1998
% Mention the definition of: Zero order kinetics & Tolerance & anaphylactic shock
* (Half elimination & volume of distribution (account
# Factors modifying drug action or dose response relationship
1999
% Definition of half life and its calculation
Hypo reactivity to drugs
Volume of distribution and its calculation
# Hyporeactivity to drugs, types, probable mechanisms
2000
% Definition of tolerance & intolerance
2001
%Factors affecting absorption of drugs
* Explain with example: hyperbolic dose response curve of drugs
# Identify with examples: Potentiation & antagonism and competitive inhibition
2002
%Different types of drug antagonism with examples
Tolerance, types, mechanism and characters
2003
%Types of drug antagonism
Discuss: Drug allergy (super sensitivity) & idiosyncrasy
2004
% Mention factors related to drug affect its absorption
Explain the consequence of plasma protein binding
Define with example: First order kinetics & Zero order kinetics
(Give 4 characters explaining competitive block (antagonism
Define: Iatrogenicity & Teratogenicity
Explain with example: Synergism & potentiation
* Factors affecting drug metabolism
2005
% Factors controlling drug distribution
Properties of first order kinetics



ANS

1995
Organ phosphorous poisoning
Contraindication for the therapeutic uses of adrenaline
Contraindication for the therapeutic uses of Atropine
Short account on Pheochromocytoma
1996
Toxicity and treatment of Succinylcholine & Atropine
Uses, side effects and CI of B-blockers
1997
Action &uses: Phenoxybenzamine
Action &uses: Propranolol
Organophosphorous: poisoning toxicity and treatment
Atropine substitutes
(Prostigmine (Mechanism, uses, side effects, C.I
(Clonidine (Mechanism, uses, side effects, C.I
1998
Nicotine (in cigarette smoking) side effects and C.I
Beta blockers side effects and C.I
Different therapeutic uses of sympathomimetics
1999
Therapeutic uses of beta blockers
Uses of sympathomimetics
Dopamine, actions & uses
Uses &C.I of neuromuscular blockers agents
2000
Therapeutic uses of alpha blockers & side effects of beta blockers
Classification of parasympathomimetics
(Phenoxybenzamine (actions, uses, side effects
Uses of beta blockers.
2001
Uses of B-blockers
The clinical uses of parasympatholytic drugs
Phenoxybenzamine an account
(Adrenaline (action, uses, side effects
Depolarizing neuromuscular blockers side effects
Discuss the effects of atropine on the eye?
(Tri****phane (actions, uses, side effects
2002
Adrenaline toxicity and contraindications
Treatment of organ phosphorous poisoning
Drugs that affect IOP
Clonidine uses action & side effects
Succinyl choline, uses, toxicity and treatment of toxicity
Therapeutic uses, C.I. of atropine
Actions of B-Blockers
(Curare (action& uses, drug interaction, toxicity and treatment
2003
Mention effect of atropine on Eye& CNS
(Prostigmine (uses and actions
(Prazocine(mode ,action & uses
(Succinylcholine (uses ,toxicity and treatment of toxicity
Uses of B-blockers
(Curare (action , mode of action& uses ,drug interaction ,toxicity and treatment
Clonidine (action ,uses and side effects
(Noradrenaline ( actions ,uses ,toxicity and C.I
(Irreversible of anticholinestrases (kinetics ,actions ,toxicity and its treatemtn
2004
-Uses and C.I of adrenaline
- : Causes and treatment of
Cholinergic and myasthenia crisis
Malignant hyperthermia
-Mention with example 4 groups of drugs used in prophylaxis of migraine headache,mention their mode of action
-How phenoxybenzamine prevent the development of irreversible shock
-How dose B blockers produce its antihypertensive effect
-How does clonidine produce its antihypertensive effect
-Mention 4 uses of neostigmine
- : Causes and treatment of
Succinyl-choline apnea
Malignant hyperthermia
2005
: Discuss mode of action of
(Aldomet(alpha methyl dopa
Organophosphorous compounds
Phenoxybenzamine
: Discuss CV effects of
Atropine
B blockers
-: Discuss actions, mode of actions and uses of
Dopamine
Neostigmine



GIT

1995
Lines of treatment of Peptic ulcers
(Caster oil (Mechanism, Uses, side effect &CI
Contraindication for the therapeutic uses of Carbenoxlone
1996
Peptic ulcer Classification of intestinal evacuant
1997
Management &treatment of peptic ulcer
(Emetics & anti-emetics (drugs &mechanism of action
(Intestinal evacuants (classification, mechanisms
(Omeprazole (Mechanism, uses, side effects, C.I
1998
(Lansoprazole (Mechanism, uses, side effects
Classify drugs that evacuate GIT, and then give short account on them
(Domperidone (short account
1999
: Give an account on
(Lactulose Cisapride (Prepulsid
Lines of treatment of porto systemic encephalopathy
2000
Peptic ulcers
Classification& adverse effects of laxatives
(Lansoprazole (Mechanism, uses, side effects
2001
Classification of drugs used in peptic ulcer
Main indications of laxatives
Cimetidine action, uses ,side effects
Classify Purgatives
2002
(Drugs used in peptic ulcers(mechanism & side effects
:Laxatives (classification & mechanism and side effects
2003
(Cimetidine ( actions ,mode of action, side effects
(Antacids (classification and side effects
Drugs used in peptic ulcer
2004
(Cimetidine (actions & uses
-: Mention mechanism and side effects of
Cimetidie
Lansoprazol
misoprostol



CNS

1995
Treatment & toxicity: long acting barbiturate?
What are the C.I. for the therapeutic uses of Morphine?
1996
*Give uses and C.I of morphine sulphate &chlorpromazine?
*Give the classification of G.A?
Mention drug therapy of Parkinsonism & Gout?
Discuss the uses, side effects& C.I of antipsychotic?
What are the toxicity and its treatment of Acetyl salicylic acid & Morphine?
#Discuss the uses, side effects & C.I. of barbiturates & NSAID?
1997
Give the toxicity and treatment of acetyl salicylic acid
-: Give the mechanism of action, therapeutic uses & side effects of:
a)Allopurinol Diazepam.
#Discuss opiate receptors & main pharmacological action of morphine
#Give the mechanism of action, uses, side effects & C.I. of
a)Chlorpromazine Paracetamol.
1998
Drug therapy of acute gouty arthritis?
# Give side effects &C.I. of morphine?
# Give a short account on Benzodiazepines?
1999
*Discuss shortly drugs used in chronic gout?
*Contraindication of morphine therapy?
Salicylates, side effects, toxicity and its treatment?
#Give short account:
a) Levodopa Diphenylhydantoin
#Write a short notes on:
a) Meperidine lithium carbonate
2000
*Classification only of antidepressant?
*Therapeutic uses of Morphine?
(Analeptics (classification &uses ?
(Colchicines (actions, uses & toxicity ?
(Morphine (uses, C.I. & toxicity ?
#Give short account on opiate receptors &uses of morphine?
2001
*Toxicity, C.I. of morphine?
*Classification only of antidepressant?
Give adverse effects of morphine and how they are treated?
Give the actions &adverse effects of chlorpromazine?
#Enumerate antiparkinsonian drugs, their mechanism of action and the side effects?
# Salycilates: uses and toxicity?

2002
*Enumerate the non volatile general anesthetics?
*Various mechanisms of action of drugs used in treatment of gout?
*Actions of chlorpromazine?
Discuss: a) actions of benzodiazepines?
Adverse effects of morphine?
#Discuss briefly the pharmacological actions, uses and toxicity of Salycilates?
2003
-: Give short account on*
a)action ,uses &adverse effects of paracetamol?
Action, uses &side effects of L-dopa?
c) Actions, uses &adverse effects of thiopental sodium?
Mention adverse effects of BDZ?*
Discuss briefly Salycilates: actions and mechanism of actions?
Phenytoin: action, uses, adverse effects and D.I.?
# Discuss briefly actions, toxicity and treatment of toxicity of morphine?
#Discuss drug therapy of gout?
2004
*Mention 4 uses of BDZ?
*What is flumazenil, what do we use it for?
*Why barbiturates are contraindicated in porphyria?
*What are the effects of morphine on:
a) Respiratory system G.I.T.
*Mode of action of antiepileptic with examples?
*Give the reason behind: Antiepileptic should be withdrawn gradually?
*mention the mechanism of action of each in chronic gout:
Allopurinol & Probenicid
Discuss adverse effects and C.I. of barbiturates?
2005
-: Discuss mode of action of each of*
1-Valproic acid
2-Allopurinol
3-Neuroleptic drugs
4-Tricyclic antidepressant
* -: Discuss the drug interaction of
1-Barbiturate
2-salicylate
Discuss uses, adverse effects of BDZ?
*2004 & #2005
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