nephrology

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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: nephrology

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة أغسطس 01, 2014 7:15 pm

Treatments and drugs

Antibiotics for kidney infections

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment for kidney infections. Which drugs you use and for how long depend on your health condition and the bacteria found in your urine tests.

Usually, the signs and symptoms of a kidney infection begin to clear up within a few days of treatment. But you may need to continue antibiotics for a week or longer. Take the entire course of antibiotics recommended by your doctor to ensure that the infection is completely eliminated.

Hospitalization for severe kidney infections

For a severe kidney infection, your doctor may admit you to the hospital. Treatment in the hospital may include antibiotics that you receive through a vein in your arm (intravenously). How long you'll stay in the hospital depends on the severity of your condition.

Treatment for recurrent kidney infections

When kidney infections recur frequently or an infection becomes chronic, your doctor will likely recommend that you seek medical care from a specialist who can identify underlying and potentially treatable causes.

Recurrent kidney infections may result from an underlying medical problem, such as a structural abnormality. Your doctor may refer you to a kidney specialist (nephrologist) or urinary surgeon (urologist) for an evaluation to determine if urologic abnormalities may be causing your infections. A structural abnormality may need to be surgically repaired.


Prevention

Reduce your risk of kidney infection by taking steps to prevent urinary tract infections. Women, in particular, may reduce their risk of urinary tract infections if they:

Drink plenty of fluids, especially water. Drinking plenty of liquids can help remove bacteria from your body when you urinate.
Urinate frequently. Avoid holding back urination when you feel the urge to urinate.
Empty the bladder after intercourse. Urinating as soon as possible after intercourse helps to clear bacteria from the urethra, reducing your risk of infection.
Wipe carefully. For women, wiping from front to back after urinating and after a bowel movement helps to prevent bacteria region from spreading to the urethra.
Avoid using feminine products in the genital area. Using feminine products, such as deodorant sprays or douches, in your genital area can irritate your urethra.
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: nephrology

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » السبت يوليو 18, 2015 10:38 am

Nephritic vs Nephrotic Glomerular Diseases

simple nephron outline
renovascular disease
nephrotic syndrome
renal tubular disease
anticoagulation
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: nephrology

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الأحد فبراير 28, 2016 6:18 pm

Renal Tubular Defects - Site of Condition
https://meducation.net/resources/63477- ... -Condition


- Fanconi (“Fan-of-cones”) syndrome: reabsorptive defects in the proximal convoluted tubule
- Bartter (“Bart”) syndrome: reabsorptive defect in thick ascending loop of Henele
- Gitelman (“Giggle-man”) syndrome: reabsorptive defect of NaCl in distal convoluted tubule -
..(”Liddle (“Chicken Little

slide show renal presentation
GU & renal revision course
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