Spot Diagnosis

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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الأربعاء يناير 15, 2014 11:24 pm

Spot Diagnosis

http://forum.facmedicine.com/forums/spot-diagnosis.16/





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He is suffering from sensorineural hearing loss , hair hypopigmentation and his brother has the same problem.

Answer : Waardenburg Syndrome

Waardenburg syndrome (also Waardenburg­ Shah Syndrome, Waardenburg-Klein syndrome, Mende's syndrome II, Van der Hoeve-Halbertsma-Waardenburg syndrome, Ptosis-Epicanthus syndrome, Van der Hoeve-Halbertsma-Gualdi syndrome, Waardenburg type Pierpont,[5] Van der Hoeve-Waardenburg-Klein syndrome, Waardenburg's syndrome II and Vogt’s syndrome)
is a rare genetic disorder most often characterized by varying degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures arising from the neural crest, and pigmentation anomalies. Disruptions in myogenesis, particularly mutations in Pax3, can cause Waardenburg syndrome I and III.
It was first described in 1951.[1]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waardenburg_syndrome




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Answer : Stevens–Johnson Syndrome

Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are two forms of a life-threatening skin condition, in which cell death causes the epidermis to separate from the dermis.

The syndrome is thought to be a hypersensitivity complex that affects the skin and the mucous membranes.
The most well known causes are certain medications, but it can also be due to infections, or more rarely, cancers.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stevens%E2 ... n_syndrome
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يناير 17, 2014 10:16 pm

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Answer : Angular Cheilitis

Angular cheilitis, (pronounced /kaɪˈlaɪtɪs/, sometimes abbreviated to AC,[1] and also called perlèche,[2] cheilosis,[3] angular cheilosis,[4] commissural cheilitis,[4] or angular stomatitis),[5]

is inflammation of one, or more commonly both,[6] of the corners of the mouth.
It is a type of cheilitis (inflammation of the lips).
Angular cheilitis often represents an opportunistic infection of fungi and/or bacteria, with multiple local and systemic predisposing factors being involved in the initiation and persistence of the lesion.[3][7]
: Such factors include
nutritional deficiencies,[1]
overclosure of the mouth,[8]
dry mouth,[1]
a lip-licking habit,[8]
drooling,[6]
immunosuppression,[9]
and others.

Treatment for angular cheilitis varies based on the exact causes of the condition in each case, but often an antifungal cream is used among other measures.
It is a fairly common problem,[3] and is more prevalent in people without any natural teeth who wear dentures,[8] and in elderly people, although it may also occur in children.[4]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_cheilitis




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impetigo

Impetigo /ɪmpɨˈtaɪɡoʊ/ is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection most common among pre-school children.[1] People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age. Impetigo is not as common in adults. The name derives from the Latin impetere ("assail"). It is also known as school sores.[2]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impetigo
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يناير 17, 2014 10:47 pm

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Answer : Onychomycosis "Onychogryphotic Nail"

Toenail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a fairly common condition that disfigures and can destroy the toenail.
The big toe and the little toe are the nails that are most likely to be affected. Onychomycosis is caused by any one of the many types of fungi that grow in the warm, moist environment in your shoes.
As the fungi grow, they invade and feed on the protein (keratin) that make up the hard surface of the toenails.
http://seniorhealth.about.com/cs/footco ... fungus.htm




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Answer : Congenital Glaucoma

. Congenital glaucoma is evident either at birth or within the first few years of life
This condition is caused by abnormalities in anterior chamber angle development that obstruct aqueous outflow in the absence of systemic anomalies.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_glaucoma
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » السبت يناير 18, 2014 7:40 am

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Answer : Gingival Hyperplasia

Gingival enlargement, (also termed gingival overgrowth, hypertrophic gingivitis, gingival hyperplasia or gingival hypertrophy, and sometimes abbreviated to GO), is an increase in the size of the gingiva (gums). It is a common feature of gingival disease.[1] Gingival enlargement can be caused by a number of factors, including inflammatory conditions and the side effects of certain medications. The treatment is based on the cause.[1] A closely related term is epulis, denoting a localized tumor (i.e. lump) on the gingiva.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gingival_enlargement




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Osteogenesis imperfecta

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The classic blue sclerae of a person with osteogenesis imperfecta

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI and sometimes known as brittle bone disease, or "Lobstein syndrome"[1]) is a congenital bone disorder characterized by brittle bones that are prone to fracture. People with OI are born with defective connective tissue, or without the ability to make it, usually because of a deficiency of Type-I collagen.[2] Eight types of OI can be distinguished. Most cases are caused by mutations in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes.

Diagnosis of OI is based on the clinical features and may be confirmed by collagen or DNA testing. There is no cure for OI. Treatment is aimed at increasing overall bone strength to prevent fracture and maintain mobility. The incidence of OI is estimated to be one per 20,000 live births.

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OI Type V in an adult

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OI Type V in a child

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteogenesis_imperfecta
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يونيو 20, 2014 1:21 pm

What is your medical diagnosis for this case ?


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Diagnosis : Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
http://facultyofmedicine1.blogspot.com/ ... sis-2.html


Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue.
Initial detachment may be localized,or broad but without rapid treatment the entire retina may detach, leading to vision loss and blindness.
It is a medical emergency.
Permanent damage may occur, if the detachment is not repaired within 24–72 hours.

The retina is a thin layer of light sensitive tissue on the back wall of the eye. The optical system of the eye focuses light on the retina much like light is focused on the film or sensor in a camera.
The retina translates that focused image into neural impulses and sends them to the brain via the optic nerve.
Occasionally, posterior vitreous detachment, injury or trauma to the eye or head may cause a small tear in the retina.
The tear allows vitreous fluid to seep through it under the retina, and peel it away like a bubble in wallpaper.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinal_detachment
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يونيو 20, 2014 4:01 pm

What is your medical diagnosis for this case ?

صورة

Diagnosis : Achalasia Cardiae
http://facultyofmedicine1.blogspot.com/ ... sis-3.html


Achalasia (/eɪkəˈleɪʒə/; a- and -chalasia "no relaxation") is a failure of smooth muscle fibers to relax, which can cause a sphincter to remain closed and fail to open when needed. Without a modifier, "achalasia" usually refers to achalasia of the esophagus, which is also called esophageal achalasia, achalasia cardiae, cardiospasm, and esophageal aperistalsis. Achalasia can happen at various points along the gastrointestinal tract; achalasia of the rectum, for instance, is Hirschsprung's disease.

Esophageal achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder involving the smooth muscle layer of the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It is characterized by incomplete LES relaxation, increased LES tone, and lack of peristalsis of the esophagus (inability of smooth muscle to move food down the esophagus) in the absence of other explanations like cancer or fibrosis.

Achalasia is characterized by difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation, and sometimes chest pain. Diagnosis is reached with esophageal manometry and barium swallow radiographic studies. Various treatments are available, although none cures the condition. Certain medications or Botox may be used in some cases, but more permanent relief is brought by esophageal dilatation and surgical cleaving of the muscle (Heller myotomy).

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achalasia_cardiae
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يونيو 20, 2014 4:12 pm

What is your medical diagnosis for this case ?

صورة

Diagnosis : Adenoid Hypertrophy

Adenoid hypertrophy (or enlarged adenoids) is the unusual growth ("hypertrophy") of the adenoid tonsil first described by the Danish physician Wilhelm Meyer (1824-1895) in Copenhagen in 1868. He described that a long term adenoid hypertrophy will cause an obstruction of the nasal airways. These will lead to a dentofacial growth anomaly that was defined as "adenoid facies" (see long face syndrome).

There is very little lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx of young babies; humans are born without substantial adenoids. The mat of lymphoid tissue called adenoids starts to get sizable during the first year of life. Just how big the adenoids become is quite variable between individual children.

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READ MORE
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenoid_hypertrophy
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Spot Diagnosis

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الجمعة يونيو 20, 2014 5:10 pm

What is your medical diagnosis for this case ?

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Diagnosis : Rheumatoid Arthritis

viewtopic.php?f=23&t=793&p=7110#p7110
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