LABORATORY VALUES

Family Medicine
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

LABORATORY VALUES

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » الأحد إبريل 21, 2019 11:20 pm

LABORATORY VALUES

* (Included in the Biochemical Profile (SMA-12

REFERENCE RANGE SI REFERENCE INTERVALS
BLOOD, PLASMA, SERUM

* Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum.................8-20 U/L ....................................................8-20 U/L
Amylase, serum ......................................................25-125 U/L.................................................25-125 U/L
* Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum..............8-20 U/L.....................................................8-20 U/L
Bilirubin, serum (adult) Total // Direct ...................0.1-1.0 mg/dL // 0.0-0.3 mg/dL ................2-17 μmol/L // 0-5 μmol/L
* Calcium, serum (Ca2+) ............................................8.4-10.2 mg/dL ..........................................2.1-2.8 mmol/L
* Cholesterol, serum ..................................................Rec:<200 mg/dL .......................................<5.2 mmol/L
Cortisol, serum........................................................0800 h: 5-23 μg/dL // 1600 h: 3-15 μg/dL 138-635 nmol/L // 82-413 nmol/L
2000 h: < 50% of 0800 h............................Fraction of 0800 h: < 0.50
Creatine kinase, serum............................................Male: 25-90 U/L .......................................25-90 U/L
Female: 10-70 U/L ....................................10-70 U/L
* Creatinine, serum....................................................0.6-1.2 mg/dL ...........................................53-106 μmol/L
Electrolytes, serum
Sodium (Na+
) ........................................................136-145 mEq/L..........................................136-145 mmol/L
* Potassium (K+
)......................................................3.5-5.0 mEq/L............................................3.5-5.0 mmol/L
Chloride (Cl–
)........................................................95-105 mEq/L ...........................................95-105 mmol/L
Bicarbonate (HCO3

).............................................22-28 mEq/L .............................................22-28 mmol/L
Magnesium (Mg2+)................................................1.5-2.0 mEq/L............................................0.75-1.0 mmol/L
Estriol, total, serum (in pregnancy)
24-28 wks // 32-36 wks.........................................30-170 ng/mL // 60-280 ng/mL ................104-590 nmol/L // 208-970 nmol/L
28-32 wks // 36-40 wks.........................................40-220 ng/mL // 80-350 ng/mL ................140-760 nmol/L // 280-1210 nmol/L
Ferritin, serum.........................................................Male: 15-200 ng/mL .................................15-200 μg/L
Female: 12-150 ng/mL ..............................12-150 μg/L
Follicle-stimulating hormone, serum/plasma .........Male: 4-25 mIU/mL ..................................4-25 U/L
Female: premenopause 4-30 mIU/mL ......4-30 U/L
midcycle peak 10-90 mIU/mL ...............10-90 U/L
postmenopause 40-250 mIU/mL ............40-250 U/L
Gases, arterial blood (room air)
pH ........................................................................7.35-7.45 ...................................................[H+
] 36-44 nmol/L
PCO2 .....................................................................33-45 mm Hg .............................................4.4-5.9 kPa
PO2 .......................................................................75-105 mm Hg ...........................................10.0-14.0 kPa
* Glucose, serum........................................................Fasting: 70-110 mg/dL ..............................3.8-6.1 mmol/L
2-h postprandial: < 120 mg/dL .................< 6.6 mmol/L
Growth hormone - arginine stimulation..................Fasting: < 5 ng/mL ....................................< 5 μg/L
provocative stimuli: > 7 ng/mL ..............> 7 μg/L
Immunoglobulins, serum
IgA .......................................................................76-390 mg/dL ............................................0.76-3.90 g/L
IgE ........................................................................0-380 IU/mL .............................................0-380 kIU/L
IgG .......................................................................650-1500 mg/dL ........................................6.5-15 g/L
IgM ......................................................................40-345 mg/dL ...........................................0.4-3.45 g/L
Iron .........................................................................50-170 μg/dL ............................................9-30 μmol/L
Lactate dehydrogenase, serum................................45-90 U/L...................................................45-90 U/L
Luteinizing hormone, serum/plasma ......................Male: 6-23 mIU/mL ..................................6-23 U/L
Female: follicular phase 5-30 mIU/mL .....5-30 U/L
midcycle 75-150 mIU/mL.......................75-150 U/L
postmenopause 30-200 mIU/mL ............30-200 U/L
Osmolality, serum...................................................275-295 mOsmol/kg H2O ..........................275-295 mOsmol/kg H2O
Parathyroid hormone, serum, N-terminal ...............230-630 pg/mL .........................................230-630 ng/L
* Phosphatase (alkaline), serum (p-NPP at 30°C) .....20-70 U/L ..................................................20-70 U/L
* Phosphorus (inorganic), serum ...............................3.0-4.5 mg/dL ...........................................1.0-1.5 mmol/L
Prolactin, serum (hPRL) ........................................< 20 ng/mL ................................................< 20 μg/L
* Proteins, serum
Total (recumbent) .................................................6.0-7.8 g/dL ...............................................60-78 g/L
Albumin ................................................................3.5-5.5 g/dL................................................35-55 g/L
Globulin ...............................................................2.3-3.5 g/dL................................................23-35 g/L
Thyroid-stimulating hormone, serum or plasma .....0.5-5.0 μU/mL ..........................................0.5-5.0 mU/L
Thyroidal iodine (123I) uptake..................................8%-30% of administered dose/24 h ...........0.08-0.30/24 h
Thyroxine (T4), serum.............................................5-12 μg/dL ................................................64-155 nmol/L
Triglycerides, serum ...............................................35-160 mg/dL ............................................0.4-1.81 mmol/L
Triiodothyronine (T3), serum (RIA) .......................115-190 ng/dL ...........................................1.8-2.9 nmol/L
Triiodothyronine (T3) resin uptake..........................25%-35% ..................................................0.25-0.35
* Urea nitrogen, serum ..............................................7-18 mg/dL ...............................................1.2-3.0 mmol/L
* Uric acid, serum......................................................3.0-8.2 mg/dL ...........................................0.18-0.48 mmol/L
6
LABORATORY VALUES (continued from previous page)
REFERENCE RANGE SI REFERENCE INTERVALS
BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)
Body mass index.......................................................Adult: 19-25 kg/m2
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Cell count..................................................................0-5/mm3
.............................................................0-5 x 106
/L
Chloride ...................................................................118-132 mEq/L .................................................118-132 mmol/L
Gamma globulin .......................................................3%-12% total proteins.......................................0.03-0.12
Glucose ....................................................................40-70 mg/dL .....................................................2.2-3.9 mmol/L
Pressure ....................................................................70-180 mm H2O ...............................................70-180 mm H2O
Proteins, total ...........................................................<40 mg/dL .......................................................<0.40 g/L
HEMATOLOGIC
Bleeding time (template) ..........................................2-7 minutes........................................................2-7 minutes
Erythrocyte count......................................................Male: 4.3-5.9 million/mm3
................................4.3-5.9 x 1012/L
Female: 3.5-5.5 million/mm3 ............................3.5-5.5 x 1012/L
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Westergren) ...........Male: 0-15 mm/h ..............................................0-15 mm/h
Female: 0-20 mm/h ...........................................0-20 mm/h
Hematocrit ...............................................................Male: 41%-53% ...............................................0.41-0.53
Female: 36%-46%.............................................0.36-0.46
Hemoglobin A1c ........................................................< 6%..................................................................< 0.06
Hemoglobin, blood ...................................................Male: 13.5-17.5 g/dL ........................................2.09-2.71 mmol/L
Female: 12.0-16.0 g/dL.....................................1.86-2.48 mmol/L
Hemoglobin, plasma .................................................1-4 mg/dL..........................................................0.16-0.62 mmol/L
Leukocyte count and differential
Leukocyte count......................................................4500-11,000/mm3
..............................................4.5-11.0 x 109
/L
Segmented neutrophils..........................................54%-62% ..........................................................0.54-0.62
Bands ....................................................................3%-5% ..............................................................0.03-0.05
Eosinophils ...........................................................1%-3% ..............................................................0.01-0.03
Basophils...............................................................0%-0.75%..........................................................0-0.0075
Lymphocytes ........................................................25%-33%...........................................................0.25-0.33
Monocytes ............................................................3%-7% ..............................................................0.03-0.07
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin..................................25.4-34.6 pg/cell ...............................................0.39-0.54 fmol/cell
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration ..........31%-36% Hb/cell .............................................4.81-5.58 mmol Hb/L
Mean corpuscular volume ........................................80-100 μm3
........................................................80-100 fL
Partial thromboplastin time (activated) ....................25-40 seconds....................................................25-40 seconds
Platelet count.............................................................150,000-400,000/mm3
.......................................150-400 x 109
/L
Prothrombin time ......................................................11-15 seconds....................................................11-15 seconds
Reticulocyte count ....................................................0.5%-1.5%.........................................................0.005-0.015
Thrombin time ..........................................................<2 seconds deviation from control ...................<2 seconds deviation from control
Volume
Plasma ....................................................................Male: 25-43 mL/kg ...........................................0.025-0.043 L/kg
Female: 28-45 mL/kg........................................0.028-0.045 L/kg
Red cell ...................................................................Male: 20-36 mL/kg ..........................................0.020-0.036 L/kg
Female: 19-31 mL/kg .......................................0.019-0.031 L/kg
SWEAT
Chloride ....................................................................0-35 mmol/L ....................................................0-35 mmol/L
URINE
Calcium ....................................................................100-300 mg/24 h ...............................................2.5-7.5 mmol/24 h
Chloride ....................................................................Varies with intake .............................................Varies with intake
Creatinine clearance..................................................Male: 97-137 mL/min
Female: 88-128 mL/min
Estriol, total (in pregnancy)
30 wks.....................................................................6-18 mg/24 h .....................................................21-62 μmol/24 h
35 wks.....................................................................9-28 mg/24 h .....................................................31-97 μmol/24 h
40 wks.....................................................................13-42 mg/24 h ...................................................45-146 μmol/24 h
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids .......................................Male: 3.0-10.0 mg/24 h.....................................8.2-27.6 μmol/24 h
Female: 2.0-8.0 mg/24 h ...................................5.5-22.0 μmol/24 h
17-Ketosteroids, total................................................Male: 8-20 mg/24 h...........................................28-70 μmol/24 h
Female: 6-15 mg/24 h .......................................21-52 μmol/24 h
Osmolality ................................................................50-1400 mOsmol/kg H2O
Oxalate......................................................................8-40 μg/mL .......................................................90-445 μmol/L
Potassium .................................................................Varies with diet .................................................Varies with diet
Proteins, total ...........................................................<150 mg/24 h ...................................................<0.15 g/24 h
Sodium .....................................................................Varies with diet .................................................Varies with diet
Uric acid....................................................................Varies w
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