Respiratory

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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Respiratory

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » السبت إبريل 30, 2016 11:35 am

: Important signs of lung disease present on examination of the hands include which of the following?

[Palmar erythema. [False

[Clubbing. [True

[Simian crease. [False

[Asterixis. [True

[Telangiectasia. [False

Explanation

Palmar erythema is seen in liver disease and in pregnancy, but not lung disease.

A single transverse palmar crease is often called a Simian crease, and signifies a number of syndromes.

Asterixis is a flapping tremor often seen with : liver failure (and is considered characteristic of this) but is also seen in: # respiratory failure (carbon dioxide retention),# cardiac failure,# renal failure #and hypoglycaemia.
Respiratory causes of clubbing include :# suppurative lung disease,# lung cancer,# interstitial lung disease, tuberculosis and# pleural Mesothelioma #.

Telangiectasia are small dilated blood vessels of the skin. They are usually meaningless, but may be associated with several diseases but not especially lung disease.
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اشترك في: الخميس إبريل 04, 2013 10:28 pm

Re: Respiratory

مشاركةبواسطة دكتور كمال سيد » السبت إبريل 30, 2016 11:38 am

On auscultation, breath sounds are often considered absent in patients with which of the following conditions?

[A pneumothorax. [True

[An effusion. [True

[Consolidation. [False

[Collapsed area of lung. [True

[Lobar pneumonia. [False


Explanation

In consolidation and lobar pneumonia breath sounds are bronchial.
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